Former Airport Tempelhof

Airport Tempelhof as a place for military parades in the 18th and 19th century as well as a production place for armament in the time of National Socialism.
 
Although Tempelhofer Feld is today best known as a former airport and popular public resource, the site held a key military role dating back hundreds of years. In the 18th and 19th century it was used for Prussian military parades and later for those of the Berliner Garnison. 1 In the 1920s a supposed demilitarization of the site took place and it was transformed into a civilian airport. 2 This change was shortlived however and in 1933 a large part was turned into a military airfield. 3
 
At the beginning of WWII Tempelhofer Feld was completely transformed into a restricted zone exclusively for military use. The newly built terminal building was converted into industrial facilities for the manufacture of arms and 4 Weser Flugzeugbau, which produced various kinds of combat aircrafts, 5 as well as Deutsche Lufthansa, responsible for the repair of damaged aircrafts, 6 both operated at the site. Both firms, as well, used forced laborer, consisting in parts of the Jewish population in Berlin, to carry out this work. Further, foreigners – largely forced labor – were from 1940 put to work at the site, some of them were housed in barracks at Tempelhofer Feld. 7 It is assumed, that in 1944 more than two thousand foreign laborers were working under slave-like conditions for Weser Flugzeugbau alone. 8
 
Address: Platz der Luftbrücke 5, 12101 Berlin

1 See Bernbeck, Reinhard: Materielle Spuren des nationalsozialistischen Terrors. Zur Archäologie der Zeitgeschichte, Bielefeld 2017, p. 28 und Chronik des Tempelhofer Flughafens, https://www.thf-berlin.de/ (last access: 16.02.2019)
2 See Bernbeck, Reinhard: Materielle Spuren des nationalsozialistischen Terrors. Zur Archäologie der Zeitgeschichte, Bielefeld 2017, p. 31
3 Endlich, Stefanie/ Geyler von Bernus, Monica/ Rossié, Beate: Standortgeschichte. Nationalsozialismus. Architektur des Flughafens, https://www.thf-berlin.de (last access: 16.02.2019)
4 See Bernbeck, Reinhard: Materielle Spuren des nationalsozialistischen Terrors. Zur Archäologie der Zeitgeschichte, Bielefeld 2017, p. 33
5 See Bernbeck, Reinhard: Materielle Spuren des nationalsozialistischen Terrors. Zur Archäologie der Zeitgeschichte, Bielefeld 2017, p. 33 und Endlich, Stefanie/ Geyler von Bernus, Monica/ Rossié, Beate: Standortgeschichte. Nationalsozialismus. Zwangsarbeiter, https://www.thf-berlin.de (last access: 16.02.2019)
6 Ibid.
7 See Endlich, Stefanie/ Geyler von Bernus, Monica/ Rossié, Beate: Standortgeschichte. Nationalsozialismus. Zwangsarbeiter, https://www.thf-berlin.de (last access: 16.02.2019)
8 Ibid.